Genetic Analysis of Hypoandrenocorticism in Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers
Addison’s disease, also known as hypoadrenocorticism, is a deficiency of hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands and help regulate a dog’s metabolism, blood pressure, electrolyte balance and stress response. Though the disease is relatively uncommon in dogs, certain breeds—including Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retrievers, Bearded Collies, Great Danes, Leonbergers, Portuguese Water Dogs, Standard Poodles and West Highland White Terriers—have a much higher risk than the general dog population.
Researchers identified a region of the genome that is associated with the development of Addison’s disease in Nova Scotia duck tolling retrievers. Additionally, it appears that dogs that are homozygous (both chromosomes carrying the same genes) with respect to this region are at greater risk of developing Addison’s disease, even at a young age (under 2 years). Although additional genes are likely involved, this information is the first step toward understanding the genetics of this disease and developing a genetic test that will help eliminate Addison’s disease through informed breeding practices. This fellowship training grant also provided hands-on training for a veterinarian who is pursuing a research career.
Co-sponsored with the Morris Animal Foundation, Grant Number: D08CA-402
Angela M. Hughes, DVM
University of California at Davis